Health & Ecosystems: Analysis of Linkages (HEAL) - One Health Commission

Health & Ecosystems: Analysis of Linkages (HEAL)

Health & Ecosystems: Analysis of Linkages (HEAL)


Research to Quantitatively Evaluate the Potential Health Benefits of Intact





HEAL is a policy-linked research initiative designed to examine the cause and

effect relationships between ecosystem alteration and public health outcomes.

The HEAL applied research program will address the current ecosystem-human

health research gap, seeking to more comprehensively characterize how

ecosystem change affects human health, and will test whether and under what

conditions health can be considered an ecosystem-derived benefit. Applied

research, linked to important policy issues at a range of relevant scales, will be

conducted for five specific themes/sites, which will be part of a comprehensive

umbrella cross-site synthesis initiative to “make the whole more than the sum of

its parts” and ensure sharing of prioritized, science-based recommendations

with key policy makers/institutions.




Increase support for integrated public health and environmental conservation

initiatives as intimately related, interdependent challenges, to ultimately

improve public health outcomes, equity, and resilience for some of the world’s

poorest people while simultaneously conserving some of the most important

landscapes and seascapes left on earth.


Scope Global


Primary Funders


The Rockefeller Foundation and the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation

(planning grants invested: full initiative funding still under consideration).


Participants & Key Collaborators


The Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) and 25 international partners

including universities, non-governmental organizations, and government



Definition of One Health


See 2004 Manhattan Principles on "One World, One Health" in appendices.

Operationally, HEAL will define human health so as to consider the direct

consequences of ecosystem degradation on provisioning services, indirect

relationships operating through changes in regulating services, supporting

services, and cultural services.


Monitoring & Evaluation Strategy


A monitoring and evaluation team will ensure the production of deliverables

and the maintenance of the highest ethical standards. Evaluation plans are tied

to the research goal of characterizing how ecosystem change affects human

health, and are also under development in terms of evaluating progress towards

the ultimate goal of increasing support for integrated public health and

environmental conservation initiatives.


Sources of Information


See Contacts

Contact Steve Osofsky, DVM

Director, Wildlife Health Policy,


Kent Redford, PhD

Director, WCS Institute

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