Stamp Out Sleeping Sickness (SOS) - One Health Commission

Stamp Out Sleeping Sickness (SOS)

Stamp Out Sleeping Sickness (SOS)


Promoting an Animal-Based Intervention for the Control of Trypanosomiasis




The Stamp Out Sleeping Sickness (SOS) initiative is a Public Private Partnership

(PPP) launched in Uganda 2006, which facilitates control of human disease through

an innovative community livestock intervention. Combining scientific research with

corporate and local commercial interests, SOS has grown into a significant

partnership between various sectors including the Ugandan government, medical

and agricultural sectors, academia and the private sector, resulting in local business

creation and significant institutional change in Uganda. The SOS intervention has

demonstrated both advantages and challenges of the practical implementation of an

intersectoral approach for neglected zoonotic disease control. Overall, cutting edge

scientific research, combined with political goodwill and private sector engagement,

has resulted in a change of approach from reactive treatment of human sleeping

sickness cases, to a more holistic One Health approach.




The overall strategic objective of SOS is to halt a potential merger of two forms of

fatal disease in Uganda, whilst promoting business and improving human and animal



Scope National – Uganda


Primary Funders


UK’s Department for International Development (DFID), CEVA Sante Animale,

and IKARE.


Participants & Key Collaborators


Primary funders and Makerere University (Uganda), Ugandan Ministries of Health

and Agriculture, Animal Industries and Fisheries (MAAIF), Coordinating Office for

Control of Trypanosomiasis in Uganda (COCTU), and University of Edinburgh,



Definition of One Health


Follows the definition afforded by the external action arm of the European Union:

“The improvement of health and well-being through (i) the prevention of risks and

the mitigation of effects of crises that originate at the interface between humans,

animals and their various environments and (ii) promoting a cross-sectoral,

collaborative, ‘whole of society’ approach to health hazards, as a systemic change of

perspective in the management of risks.”


Monitoring & Evaluation Strategy


Monitoring occurs in two forms: biological (through the sampling of animals and

humans across 7 districts of Uganda) and physical in the form of meetings and a

number of collaborative PhD and MSc research projects to ensure program

deliverables are met. Monitoring of the business aspect of the program also occurs

through reporting of veterinary drug sales and services in the intervention districts.


Sources of Information



Contact Prof John David Kabasa

Makerere University

Prof. Sue Welburn

SOS, M&E Coordinator, University of Edinburgh

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