COVID-19 and One Health - One Health Commission

COVID-19 and One Health

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Since January 2020 this page has been compiling popular media OpEds, Commentaries, Podcasts and other media about the coronavirus outbreak / pandemic that mention and/or call for One Health by name or theory. If you know of such articles not yet listed here, please send them to ohc@onehealthcommission.org.

 

To see peer reviewed scientific articles visit the Commission's online One Health Library Journal Articles/White Papers Section.

See also: COVID-19 One Health Lessons for Ages 6-18+

 

May 2020

 

May 11, 2020   (One Health and) A previous outbreak in Malaysia

Podcast:  TheWorld.Org’s Kyle Vass interviews Tom Hughes    On: Public Radio International

In the last 1990s in Malaysia containing the Nipa Virus, a zoonotic disease that jumped from bats to pigs to people,  dessimated the Malaysian pork industry and cost its economy $550 Million. More than 100 people died. It could have been prevented through One Health prevention protocols.  If we want to have healthy people we have to have healthy environment, healthy livestock, we need to have healthy wildlife. We are all inter-connected.

May 7   Calling for a COVID-19 One Health Research Coalition

Authors: Amuasi JH, Walzer C, Heymann D  In:  The Lancet   DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)31028-X

“Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is not just a global pandemic caused by the zoonotic SARS-CoV-2 but represents a critical pivot point in modern times, joining only a few episodes in recorded history. The unique features of this world-changing event are its suspected origin at the human–environment–animal interface and its rapid explosion as a result of unprecedented levels of human interconnectivity, mobility, and global trade.

COVID-19 epitomises why One Health, which recognises the fundamental interconnectedness of humans, animals, and their shared environment, is key to ensuring the healthy and sustainable future of the planet.”

May 7  Do Sick Animals lead to Sick Humans?

                National Geographic Newsletter, Multiple articles, Multiple Authors

“The authors issue a stark warning: Future pandemics will happen more frequently, will kill more people, and will cause greater economic damage unless we start recognizing the inextricable links between human health and the health of the planet, its ecosystems, and its nonhuman living creatures. This is not a radical concept. The framework of OneHealth, recognized by the CDC, the World Health Organization, and governments and organizations around the world, does just that.

The bottom line: When nature is sick, we’re sick.”

May 7  How can the globe avoid a future pandemic?

              Author: Natalia Jorquera   In: ITV News

Greg Gray, an infectious disease epidemiologist at Duke University told ITV News that a global One Health strategy would be able to predict where outbreaks might occur by surveilling places where humans and animals come into frequent contact, such as live animal markets, meat processing centres and heavy poultry markets.

Professor Steve Osofsky, the director of Cornell Wildlife Health Centre, believes the world can learn from this crisis and take steps towards mitigating the risks of a future pandemic by ending unnecessary wildlife trade.    "If we don't need to be consuming wildlife transported from all over the world for our basic nutritional needs then we have to be very pragmatic and recognise that the risks of these activities far exceed the benefits to a very small subset of people," he said.

May 6   Postscript – The World at Risk: Covid-19, Global Sustainability and 1 HOPE

              Author: George Lueddeke   In: Policies for Equitable Access to Health

"Significant steps in this direction would be reversing decades of undervaluing and underfunding (5%: 95%ratios) public health measures at the expense of treatment and increasingly unaffordable cures. Extending the meaning and responsibilities of public health to embrace not only human health and well-being but also all species is another critical advance.  In this regard, bringing human and veterinary medicine more closely together (education, research, practice) would not only reduce costs but most importantly also lead to building our capacity for ensuring the sustainability of life on earth. Over 70% of all emerging diseases today are of animal [zoonotic] origin. Covid-19  is the most recent and likely one of the most devastating pandemics  in the past century, and  to save the world from itself,  global and national leaders – regardless of  political persuasion or ideological leanings – are urged to collaborate and adopt sustainability values and measures without delay."

May 6   A One Health Approach to Preventing the Next Pandemic

               Author: Laura Kahn    In:  Issues in Science and Technology

               "So what can be done to prevent the next zoonotic pandemic?

Society’s approach to public health needs to proceed strategically, not reactively, if humans are to sustainably meet dietary needs for meat and other animal proteins....The One Health model provides a strategy. Researchers must examine the human, animal, and environmental components of zoonotic spillover events before they can effectively address them. The most profound way that humans interact with the environment is by eating it—in this case, in the form of animal protein. Although it’s unrealistic to expect the United States or other nations to become vegetarian or vegan, there are ways to reduce animal protein consumption."

May 5    3 Steps to Help Prevent Another Animal-to-human Virus Pandemic

               Authors: Peter M. Rabinowitz and Greg Gray    In:  Seattle Times

                 1. Fully investigate the animal origins of the COVID-19 outbreak.

                 2. Regulate and limit the sale and farming of wildlife species for food.

                 3. Take a One Health approach to food systems feeding the world. 

"Our approach to food systems is siloed. Professionals in agriculture, animal health, human health and the environment have long worked in parallel on issues related to food-production systems….. A new approach, called “One Health,” is a better way forward.

One Health considers the health linkages among humans, animals and their shared environments. The World Health Organization, the United Nations, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and many other entities have endorsed the One Health concept. We need to incorporate this interdisciplinary approach to feed the world’s human population and promote the health of all species without destroying the environment. This means teamwork among human health, animal health and environmental health scientists and others to devise sustainable solutions to our food-production needs."

May 5   Of Markets, Wet & Pet & case for One World, One Health

            Author: Jose Louies  In: DaijiWorld.com

"Animals are no different when we say we are happiest when we are in our natural surroundings. A primate is happy when it is foraging for food with the family on treetops and surveying the sky for danger. That is their happy place….As a conservation action-oriented organization, working through multipronged strategies, one of which is to curb illegal wildlife trade, WTI additionally advocates One Health as the way forward for survival, where the health of the environment is linked to the health of animals and people, leading to a secure coexistence for all."

 

April 2020

 

Apr 27  COVID-19 Stimulus Measures Must Save Lives, Protect Livelihoods, and Safeguard Nature to Reduce the  Risk of Future Pandemics

Authors: Josef Settele, Sandra Díaz, Eduardo Brondizio and Peter Daszak    In: Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES)

"First, we must ensure the strengthening and enforcement of environmental regulations

Second, we should adopt a ‘One Health’ approach at all levels of decision-making – from the global to the most local – recognizing the complex interconnections among the health of people, animals, plants and our shared environment.

Third, we have to properly fund and resource health systems and incentivise behaviour change on the frontlines of pandemic risk."

Apr 27  Halt destruction of nature or suffer even worse pandemics, say world’s top scientists

Author: Damian Carrington   In:  The Guardian

Exclusive: only one species is responsible for coronavirus – humans – say world’s leading wildlife experts.

A global “One Health” approach must also be expanded, they said. “The health of people is intimately connected to the health of wildlife, the health of livestock and the health of the environment. It’s actually one health,” said Daszak.

Apr 25  Responding to the COVID-19 crisis: the contribution of the veterinary profession

From the OIE

In the face of the current pandemic, solidarity is key. On the occasion of World Veterinary Day, April 25th, the OIE pays tribute to the great effort made by the veterinary profession to support the human health sector, from research to human sample testing, as well as provision of human and material resources.... . … This pandemic impacts populations in numerous ways and reminds us that multi-sectoral collaboration, in line with the “One Health” approach, and the sharing of expertise are more important than ever.

April 25  Covid-19: Has there ever been a more critical need for One Health?

Author: Simon Doherty   British Veterinary Association Blog Post

In our daily interactions with livestock keepers, pet and horse owners, and a wide array of animal health and welfare stakeholders, we all have a part to play in One Health – now, during the Covid-19 outbreak, more than ever – to provide clear messaging in the control of infectious diseases and a willingness to work together to create solutions to the problems we face and will continue to face in the post-Covid-19 era.

Apr 23  Medical experts have a plan to prevent next epidemic – it’s called ‘One Health’

Author: Simone McCarthy   In:  South China Morning Post

  • Health groups have already learned lessons from previous outbreaks involving animals
  • But approach requires more collaboration between disciplines and across governments

"The One Health approach, based on the idea that human, animal and environmental health are interrelated, has gained traction in the past two decades, as it has been embraced by the

World Health Organisation and other health institutions…..But the approach demands that different fields of expertise and government departments work together, which can result in bottlenecks caused by politics and bureaucracy, according to professionals working on One Health programmes."

Apr 22  COVID-19 crisis tells world what Indigenous Peoples have been saying for thousands of years

Author: Emily Gilpin   In: Canada's National Observer

“The coronavirus is telling the world what Indigenous Peoples have been saying for thousands of years — if we do not help protect biodiversity and nature, we will face this and even worse threats,”

Apr 22  A Pandemic like COVID-19: Locusts in East Africa

Author: Richard Seifman  In: IMPAKTER

"COVID-19 now joins the “Annual One Health Locust Pandemic”. Annual because it’s been happening (nearly) every year for thousands of years. One Health because it involves both humans and animals (in this case insects)."

Apr 22  One World, One Health: A Critical Reminder for Earth Day

Author:  Steve Osofsky     Post on Cornell University's Medium.com

Principle 7

 “Reduce the demand for and better regulate the international live wildlife and bushmeat trade not only to protect wildlife populations but to lessen the risks of disease movement, cross-species transmission, and the development of novel pathogen-host relationships. The costs of this worldwide trade in terms of impacts on public health, agriculture and conservation are enormous, and the global community must address this trade as the real threat it is to global socioeconomic security.”

Apr 20  Unpacking COVID-19 and the Connections Between Ecosystem, Animal, and Human Health and Security

Must Listen  Podcast

Washington, DC, USA. The Wilson Center's Ground Truth Briefing Podcast conversation; Sharon Guynup, Ellin Carlin and Rod Schoonover, experts who have been tracking the connections between animal, ecosystem, human health, and security, discussed what steps policymakers need to take to mitigate the next global pandemic.

Apr 17  The Crisis of Planetary Health: Reflections from the World Religions

Authors:  Mary Evelyn Tucker and John Grim

Will we connect the dots to the devastation of the climate emergency that lurks in the background of this pandemic moment? Endless suffering, millions of refugees, droughts and floods, tumultuous weather and devastating storms.

Apr 16  Infectious Disease: Making - and Breaking - the Animal Connection

Author: Tim Vernimmen interviews Dr. Jonna Mazet  In: Knowable Magazine From Annual Reviews

"Most of the emerging diseases that threaten us humans — including SARS-CoV-2, the virus causing the Covid-19 pandemic — are zoonotic, meaning the microorganisms that cause them come from another animal."

Apr 15   Opinion: There is a better way to tackle infectious diseases that people and animals share

"A large percentage of infectious diseases — both existing and emerging — are zoonotic, meaning they originated in animals and jumped to humans. We need to recognize the inextricable links between people, animals and our shared environment — and infectious diseases that can kill. And we need to recognize that human medicine, veterinary medicine, public health policy and other disciplines must break out of their silos and work together against potentially catastrophic global health problems like the coronavirus……….Enter the concept of One Health. It emerged as a movement from the growing realization that we can’t manage complex health issues using siloed approaches. Instead, a One Health approach involves experts from a wide range of disciplines coming to the table and putting heads together to find solutions."

 

Apr 8   Don’t blame the pangolin (or any other animal) for COVID-19

Authors: Peta Lee Hitchins and Christine Johnson    In: University of Melbourne 'Pursuit'

"Don’t blame the pangolin. Don’t blame the bats. Don’t blame the animals. COVID-19 is all on us."

 

Apr 8   Why do viruses jump from animals to humans? Clues to the COVID-19 pandemic

Author: Christine Johnson   In: The Royal Society B Publishing Blog

"Our findings also provide evidence that human actions, specifically exploitation of wildlife, such as hunting and the wildlife trade, were important drivers of virus spillover. These actions have not only increased risk of virus transmission to people but have furthered the decline of many wildlife species, putting them at risk of extinction. Human encroachment into wildlife habitat has similarly resulted in increased contact with wild animals, heightened rates of virus spillover and created losses in species abundance."

 

Apr 8   Transmission of viruses from animals to humans is ‘a direct result of our actions’

Author: Amy Barret    In:  BBC Science Focus Magazine

"Contact between humans and wildlife ‘increases the risk of virus spillover', say researchers, while human activity responsible for wildlife population declines has enabled the spread of zoonotic viruses."

 

Apr 7   Human impact on wildlife to blame for spread of viruses, says study

Author: John Vidal    In:  The Guardian

 

Apr 7   Preventing the Next Pandemic: We Can Make This a 'Never Again' Moment

Author:  Steve Osofsky   In:  The Times of India

“I want people to know that the majority of emerging viruses come from wildlife – not to blame wildlife or to create a backlash against wild creatures. I would argue for the opposite, in fact – what we need could perhaps best be described as behavioural distancing……….While there are literally hundreds of thousands of viruses in mammals alone,  there are really only three basic ways we, through our own behaviours, invite them into humanity’s living room – we eat or trade the body parts of wild animals; we capture and mix wild species together to trade them in markets; and we destroy what’s left of wild nature at a dizzying pace (think deforestation), greatly enhancing our encounter rates with new pathogens along the way. Our species continues to pillage what’s left of wild nature and our planet’s fellow species, as if there were no tomorrow. And with no lack of irony, it actually feels like that day has come.“

 

Apr 4   One Health Stresses Working Together to Heal a Broken Planet

Author:  Mark Bekoff    In: Psychology Today

"Given that humans have to be part of the healing process, I decided to revisit the One Health movement………………. I am a strong supporter of this initiative …………and you can read more about it in an interview I did with the University of Denver's Sarah Bexell, .....

Dr. Bexell correctly notes, if we harm one of the three pillars of the One Health movement—humans, other species, and the natural environment—all three are harmed. The pillars are closely interlinked. On the positive and hopeful side, when we work to protect one pillar, all have a better chance of positive outcomes and surviving……

Regardless of future possibilities, for now, while we're here, we need to deal with our ubiquitous presence. We must work together and do much better than we've done."

 

Apr 3   Must Listen Podcast - The Wildlife Origins of SARS-COV2 and Employing a One Health Approach

Dr. Steve Osofsky speaks with Cornell PhD students' Excellsior Podcast series calling on the global community to embrace One Health and, for the good of humanity, stop trading in wildlife in wet markets. 

 

Apr 3   The next pandemic is already coming, unless humans change how we interact with wildlife, scientists say

Author: Karen Brulliard   In: The Washington Post

Stronger surveillance for illness in wild animals — regarding them as “sentinels” — is needed, Leendertz said. So is a widespread realization that building in wild habitats can fuel public health crises, Gillespie said.

Many researchers say the coronavirus pandemic underscores the need for a more holistic “one health” approach, which views human, animal and environmental health as interconnected.

“There needs to be a cultural shift from a community level up about how we treat animals, our understanding of the dangers and biosecurity risks that we’re exposing ourselves to,” said Kate Jones, chair of ecology and biodiversity at University College London. “That means leaving ecosystems intact, not destroying them. It means thinking in a more long-term way.”

 

Apr 1   Opinion: Keep global food chains alive amid COVID-19 crisis

Author: Qu Dongyu    In:  DEVEX

Policymakers must take care to avoid accidentally tightening food-supply conditions. While every country faces its own challenges, collaboration — between governments and the full gamut of sectors and stakeholders — is paramount. We are experiencing a global problem that requires a global response.

 

Apr 1   COVID-19: exposing shortfalls in support to human, animal and plant health in our region

Author:  Robyn Alders    In: DevPolicy Blog

"Human health is intimately linked with animal, plant and environmental health. Systems thinking using One Health and Planetary Health lenses will be crucial to redesigning global and national systems that can keep us safe, well-nourished, healthy and actively contributing to community well-being. This period of forced physical isolation provides an opportunity to reflect on the systems that underpin our society and our vision for a sustainable development. What will be our vision of sustainable food security and nutritious food systems and their contribution to human health going forward? And what will we do to make our plans a reality at home and abroad?"

 

March 2020

 

Mar 27   With the climate crisis and coronavirus bearing down on us, the age of disconnection is over

Author:  Tim Hollo    In:  The Guardian

“Everything is connected…..….  Damage the environment and we damage ourselves. And not just some of us – all of us together. Continue to think in our compartmentalised, linear fashion, and we’ll keep missing what’s coming, be it weeks of smoke, runs on toilet paper, or deadly pandemics……………..

We have an opportunity now to not just push for a new generation of environment laws, but to re-evaluate the whole deal, to cultivate a new political settlement based on ecological principles of living well together in harmony with the natural world, understanding our place as part of it as First Peoples did for millenniums, with an economy designed to serve people and planet…………..

Donella Meadows, the modern mother of systems thinking, wrote that the most effective leverage point to change a system is “the mindset or paradigm out of which the system ... arises”. It’s critical, then, that we confront the paradigm which sees environmental protection as of marginal importance at best, and as a barrier at worst. It’s vital that we challenge the mindsets of human disconnection from and dominance over nature…………….”

 

Mar 27   COVID-19: Link with Air Pollution? Italy’s and China’s Experience

Author:   Claude Forthomme    In: Impakter

“Greenpeace Italy’s director, Giuseppe Onufrio, ……………., sounded the alarm five days ago in a well-researched article exploring the possible relationship between the COVID-19 pandemic and air pollution.

He started by reminding us that biodiversity destruction, urbanization, and globalization trigger the well-known mechanism of “spillover” of new viruses from wild species to humans – something that was highlighted in a recent Impakter article by Richard Seifman calling for a “one health” approach to address pandemics, i.e. treating animal and human health as one. This is particularly relevant in COVID-19’s case that started in a market in Wuhan with the sale of wild meat.

 

Mar 27   Waking up to One Health in the wake of the coronavirus pandemic: A virologist’s view

Author: Camilla Benfield   In: Cambridge Independent

“Our post-Covid-19 world must adopt a more holistic approach to health in order to protect it. This approach must be less introspective and human-focused.

It must recognise, and respect, the critical interdependencies between human, animal and environmental health, and the porosity of national and species barriers to pathogens. This enables us to mitigate disease emergence and ecosystem dysfunction at the proximal stage of resource extraction and utilisation, while being sensitive to human needs and cultures. We must not vilify or persecute wildlife, knowing that they may harbour potential pathogens, but instead preserve the integrity and health of their habitats and limit encroachment.”

 

Mar 27   Coronavirus: Why Did It Catch Us Off Guard? Podcast

Interviewee:  Greg Gray  Recording In:  Duke University Headscrathers Podcast

"......What we need to really be doing is looking at the human-animal interface and monitoring for novel viruses that might emerge from that interface. Looking at people who have close contact with animals and seeing when they have evidence in their respiratory tract of a new virus that's emerged from the animals, and then making preparations way before the virus cycles over and over and becomes highly infectious to man. And we can do that -- and the way to do it is through something called One Health. Working together with human health, veterinary health, environmental health on specific problem areas like these, to get ahead of this, so we're not always responding to the latest threat....."

 

Mar 25   The World at Risk: Covid-19, Global Sustainability and 1 HOPE (One Health for One Planet Education)

Author: George Lueddeke     In: PEAH – Policies for Equitable Access to Health

See Proposition #7 from Lueddeke’s Ten Propositions for Global Sustainability,

‘What if’ the unifying One Health and Well-Being Concept became the cornerstone of our education systems and societal institutions, thereby helping to create a ‘more just, sustainable and peaceful world’ (UN SDGs)? ……… “The criticality  of making a paradigm shift from human-centric to eco-centric thinking and behaviours is what the Covid-19 wake-up call is all about and ‘represents a precious opportunity to learn…a moment that affords an opportunity to understand what happened, why it happened and what we should do next’(4). Proposition #7 recommends that consideration be given for the One Health & Well-Being concept to become the cornerstone of our education systems and societal institutions.

 

Mar 25   Can veterinarians prevent the next pandemic? Veterinary epidemiologists advocate for one-health approach to researching, responding to zoonoses

Author: Scott Nolen  In:  JAVMA News

Dr. Saif said veterinarians should be involved in all aspects of zoonotic infections, in concert with a one-health approach. “Veterinarians need to be part of identifying the animal reservoirs and the intermediate hosts for these diseases,” she said. “This may focus on wildlife medicine, such as understanding the habitats and diversity of bat species as reservoirs for coronaviruses and multiple other viruses.”………………… “Also, more veterinarians should be working with other researchers to develop the most appropriate animal models for these diseases since we cannot test antivirals or vaccines without an animal model that reproduces the human disease and responses. “

 

Mar 24   COVID19-Like Animal-To-Human Diseases Set To Grow: Experts

Authors: Rishika Pardikar and Bhasker Tripathi   In:  Fit

"As the destruction of habitat and biodiversity loss expose humans to more zoonotic diseases that spread from animals to humans, a key programme to study the spread of these diseases and suggest ways to control them has been in the works in India since 2018. Following a global framework, the programme could help governments minimise the impact of an outbreak and prevent an outbreak from turning into an epidemic, experts told IndiaSpend."

 

Mar 23   Coronavirus wake up call to review human health and wildlife Conservation

Author: Nancy Ogonje     In: The Star

" A number of studies have linked reduced diversity among mammal species and an overall decrease in biodiversity to a rise in animal-borne diseases to humans. "

 

Mar 21   COVID-19: Epidemiology, Evolution, and Cross-Disciplinary Perspectives

Sun J, He W, Wang L, Lai A, Ji X, Zhai X, Li G, Suchard MA, Tian J, Zhou J, Veit M, Su S, Trends in Molecular Medicine, In Press

" Similarities of receptor sequence binding to 2019-nCoV between humans and animals suggest a low species barrier for transmission of the virus to farm animals. We propose, based on the One Health model, that veterinarians and animal specialists should be involved in a cross-disciplinary collaboration in the fight against this epidemic. "

 

Mar 20  'We should start thinking about the next one': Coronavirus is just the first of many pandemics to come, environmentalists warn

Author: Louise Boyle   In:  The Independent

"The novel coronavirus will not be the last pandemic to wreak havoc on humanity if we continue to ignore links between infectious diseases and destruction of the natural world, environmental experts have warned..... Keeping the wild places intact, banning the hunting and traffic of wildlife species, many of which are endangered, would not only be practical but beneficial in terms of human health and economics. For governments and policy makers, it is going to be very clear that investment in protecting our natural world is the most cost-effective one they can make."

 

Mar 19   Opinion: Support animal health systems to prevent the next pandemic

Author: Clara Seville   In: DEVEX

“Animal health systems are currently the weakest link in the One Health initiative — a concept that brings interdisciplinary teams in human, animal, and environmental health together……Despite this, there has been little investment in veterinary services and veterinary public health in low- and middle- income countries, resulting in epidemics such as COVID-19 and zoonotic diseases that hinder the potential of individuals, communities, and whole nations……According to OIE, the World Organisation for Animal Health: “

‘Livestock and Veterinary Services are chronically under-resourced against all comparative measures. Poor financial resources and inadequately staffed and organised Veterinary Services results in high livestock losses and uncontrolled epidemics.’ “

 

Mar 18   'Tip of the iceberg': is our destruction of nature responsible for Covid-19?

Author:  John Vidal  In: The Guardian

"..... a number of researchers today think that it is actually humanity’s destruction of biodiversity that creates the conditions for new viruses and diseases such as Covid-19, the viral disease that emerged in China in December 2019, to arise – with profound health and economic impacts in rich and poor countries alike. In fact, a new discipline, planetary health, is emerging that focuses on the increasingly visible connections between the wellbeing of humans, other living things and entire ecosystems. "

(Though not exactly the same, on this point One Health and Planetary Health move in lockstep working in parallel toward a common goal.)

Mar 18   Ilaria Capua. To the coronavirus we’re just another host animal, so let’s use our intelligence

Author:  Ilaria Capua  In: LifeGate

Last year, Capua wrote the book Circular Health: Empowering the One Health Revolution (Salute circolare. Una rivoluzione necessaria in the original Italian), published in Italy by Egea with an English translation coming in summer 2020. It focuses on the need to “rethink pathways, and suggest new and revolutionary ones to achieve a better balance with animals, plants as well as the environment that welcomes us every day”. These themes are as relevant as ever given that the SARS-CoV-2 virus behind the Covid-19 disease seems to have emerged from an “interspecies leap” caused by our exploitative and disrespectful manipulation of wild fauna and flora. Here’s what Capua told us about the importance of ecology and sustainability in facing a crisis such as the one we’re currently in.

 

Mar 17   Ban on the consumption of wild animals in China is very well received

Author Unknown  In: German.China.CN Blog (Open in Chrome for translation)

"On Sina Weibo, a microblogging platform, millions of people supported the ban with confidence that it will benefit both wildlife and human society. 'This is the first time that China's top legislature has imposed a nationwide ban that eliminates the decades-old habit of eating wild animals,' said Li Binbin, an assistant professor at Duke Kunshan University's environmental research center in Jiangsu Province. She said the decision shows the significant link between animal welfare and public health and eco-security. 'It is a crucial step in regulating the Chinese wildlife market and will constructively change the country's international image.' "

 

Mar 15   How to welcome a guest

Author: Adrian J Ivakhiv , In: Immanence: ecoculture, geophilosophy, mediapolitics

“The appearance of Coronavirus means that, suddenly, there is a massive taking account of a new visitor…… Like Edward Gorey’s “doubtful guest,” viruses arrive unbidden, surprisingly and mysteriously, stoking fear and taking victims without ever fully revealing their intents. They are “doubtful” not only because we doubt their guesthood. It is also doubtful that they are the guest and we are the host: the tables could easily be reversed to reveal us as the guests, setting up our tables amidst them and feigning surprise when they show up to take a seat. …. Their impact on us depends on our response to their presence. As some have advocated for years, the best response is something like the One Health Initiative, “a worldwide program, involving more than 600 scientists and other professionals, that advances the idea that human, animal and ecological health are inextricably linked and need to be studied and managed holistically.”  There is a global ecology of relations that implicate us, participants in global humanity. And it is calling us to take notice.”

 

Mar 15   Each Species Has its Own Coronavirus

Author: Rodríguez AB, In: ENDI, Elvuedvodia.com, Puerto Rico

“In 2002 there was SARS and in 2012 MERS. Both cause severe respiratory syndromes in humans and are caused by different coronaviruses that originate from bats, but that used carrier species to affect people. In the case of SARS it was the civet cat and in MERS the camels. Hence the importance of understanding the behavior of these viruses and how animals, humans and the environment are related. A key concept known as One Health interrelates these three elements and is currently used to understand COVID-19.”

 

Mar 15   Coronavirus: why environmental destruction was key to its expansion

In: Diario San Rafael

“To avoid collapse, the WHO proposes the One health concept, linking environmental with animal and human health. If the world gets sick, humans, who are part of it, too….. Achieving this interdisciplinarity is one of the greatest challenges of the “anthropocene” era, marked by the accelerated destruction of the planet due to the actions of man.”

(Open in Chrome for translation)

 

Mar 11   How China’s “Bat Woman” Hunted Down Viruses from SARS to the New Coronavirus

Author: Jane Qui  In:  Scientific American

“ 'Once potential pathogens are mapped out, scientists and public health officials can regularly check for possible infections by analyzing blood and swab samples from livestock, wild animals that are farmed and traded, and high-risk human populations, such as farmers, miners, villagers who live near bats, and people who hunt or handle wildlife,' Gray says. 'This approach, known as “One Health,”, aims to integrate the management of wildlife health, livestock health, and human health. Only then can we catch an outbreak before it turns into an epidemic,” he says, adding that the approach could potentially save the hundreds of billions of dollars such an epidemic can cost.”

 

Mar 11   One Health-Sweden's Björn Olsen on coronavirus: “We need smart strategies”

In: Mirage News

“What was extremely interesting from the start, but isn’t discussed so much now, is why we humans can get this virus at all. It’s a matter of human expansion. We’ve become too numerous, and take up too much space. We humans exploit animals and nature. So we get not only meat and milk, but also strange viruses. This ought to be given more attention,” Olsen says.

Scientists call this interdisciplinary way of looking at health “One Health”. Since many infectious agents circulate between animals and humans in nature, doctors, veterinarians and ecologists are collaborating in their quest to understand how various pathogens spread and how new infections arise.  View the full interview.

 

Mar 10   (The New) Coronavirus and pets

Author: Rodríguez AB, In: ENDI, Elvuedvodia.com, Puerto Rico

“….if a habitat that has animals is destroyed, what will happen to these animals and their diseases? These can pass to animals that have never been exposed to these bacteria or viruses, or sometimes to people in that nearby habitat. How can we solve these problems? Looking at these interactions through the concept of One Health (“One Health”). This concept unites the human medical, veterinary and environmental aspects. Through the scientific collaboration of the three branches, it is the only way in which we can understand how these diseases behave and how to face them. “

(Open in Chrome for translation)

 

Mar 6   Fight Pandemics Like Wildfires With Prevention and a Plan to Share the Costs

Authors:  Machalaba C and Karesh WB    In: Foreign Affairs

"Yet around the world, governments and international organizations have treated the new coronavirus outbreak as a public health problem rather than a larger societal one whose causes and consequences will affect everything from finance and insurance to tourism and agriculture. Nearly every other type of disaster calls upon multiple sectors for response and prevention."

 

Mar 4   Why So Many Epidemics Originate in Asia and Africa

Author: Kuchipudi SV   In:  US News and World Report

As the current outbreak has shown, an infectious disease that starts in one part of the world can spread globally in virtually no time whatsoever. There is an urgent need for constructive conservation strategies to prevent deforestation and reduce animal-human interactions. And a comprehensive global surveillance system to monitor the emergence of these diseases – now missing – would be an indispensable tool in helping us fight these deadly and terrifying epidemics.

 

Mar 4   Coronavirus — a time for trade-offs

Authors:  Andrew Jack and Darren Dodd, In: Financial Times“…..the biggest question is whether the world will give greater priority to investing in the prevention of future pandemics. That requires more focus on links between health and the environment including “one health” measures to limit the spread of animal infection to humans. Examples include tougher controls on their intensifying interactions through climate change, deforestation and “wet markets” where live animals are sold for slaughter.”

 

Mar 3   Why wildlife health issues are not just a biodiversity concern.

Author: Flavie Vial and Paul Duff, Animal and Plant Health Agency, Gov.UK Blog

“The emergence of infectious diseases and antimicrobial resistance in wildlife must be viewed through a multi-disciplinary lens that captures issues and threats not only in people and domesticated animals but also the wider environment. One Health is the only approach to mitigating health risks in today’s world.”

 

Mar 2   The COVID-19 outbreak shows how human, animal and environmental health requires a co-ordinated (One Health) approach

Author: Jeff Wichtel, Dean, Ontario Veterinary College

“There’s nothing like a global epidemic to remind us just how interconnected we all are on Earth. For a long time, we behaved otherwise: medical doctors looked after people, veterinarians treated animals and ecologists attended to the environment. That fragmented approach to health and disease is no longer good enough.”

 

Mar 2   Ten Propositions for Global Sustainability

By George Lueddeke in PEAH, Policies for Equitable Access to Health, March 2020

Proposition #7 is pivotal for all others ...

What If?... THE UNIFYING ONE HEALTH AND WELL-BEING CONCEPT became the cornerstone of our education systems and societal institutions, thereby helping to create a “more just, sustainable and peaceful world” (UN-2030 Global Sustainable Development Goals - SDGs)?”

 

 

February 2020

 

Feb 28   Commonsense measures to protect ourselves against the Coronavirus | Opinion

Author: Kurt Shrader, US Congressional Representative from Oregon   In: Statesman Journal (part of USA Today)

“Diseases like Ebola, SARS and the Coronavirus are all examples of pandemics that began in animals before spreading to humans. This is why I have partnered with my fellow veterinarian Ted Yoho, R- Florida, to develop and advocate for the implementation of a framework called One Health. One Health framework prioritizes coordinated research between federal agencies like the CDC and USDA and the Department of Health and Human Services to prevent, prepare for and respond to zoonotic disease outbreaks in the U.S. and internationally. We introduced the bipartisan Advancing Emergency Preparedness Through One Health Act to coordinate and fund a One Health plan so we can prevent outbreaks and rapidly respond to them.”

 

Feb 20   Corona virus illustrates the importance of a comprehensive “one health” approach

Author: Anna-Maria von Roda   In: KfW Online Newsroom. German. Open in Chrome for translation.

Two thirds of all new infectious diseases worldwide, like the current coronavirus "Covid-19", come from animals. There is a growing awareness among experts that a much broader approach is needed to efficiently and effectively combat these diseases transmitted from animals to humans, which is summarized under the term "One Health".

 

Feb 18   Are we ready for new outbreaks?

Author: Dr. Siti Nursheena Mohd Zain, In: New Straits Times, Malaysia

"....all stakeholders, including clinicians, scientists, veterinarians and ecologists, must work together with government ministries to come up with practical solutions to combat new and emerging diseases. "

 

Feb 16   One Health concept gains importance

Author: Muringatheri M.  In:  The Hindu

 

Feb 14   Coronavirus or antibiotic resistance: Our appetite for animals (wild and domestic) poses big disease risks

Author:  Laura Kahn    In: Bulletin of the Atomic Scientist

 

Feb 14  Social solidarity vs COVID-19

Author:  Tan M, In: Philippine Daily Inquirer

"In times like these we need to think of One Health, which considers the interactions of the health of humans, of the environment, and of nonhuman animals. We started the decade with all kinds of challenges to this notion of One Health. Think of Taal, the eruption of which was a gigantic paroxysmal “cough” that wreaked havoc on humans and nonhuman animals. Humans form the most complicated part of One Health—nearly 8 billion of us now, many living in very densely populated megacities."

 

Feb 12   Coronavirus: Why China Needs to Change its Animal Health Policies

Author: Seifman R.  Board Member, United Nations Association-National Capital Area

“China’s troubles with the on-going coronavirus outbreak originate with its animal health policies and programs: They need to change and here is how.

What to do? 

Simply put, pursue a One Health approach, one which leads to integrated human-animal-environmental health policies and actions. To do this China, and other countries to be sure, will need to spend much more on veterinarians, wildlife professionals, food safety officers, and animal virus laboratory professionals. 

Most importantly, they need to actively make aware and engage civil society and communities in identifying possible animal diseases, providing incentives for reporting, not fear in so doing. More reference veterinarians and animal health para-professionals, as well as microbiologists and laboratory technicians, and animal and human reference laboratories, are needed to analyze a suspected virus, to prevent and contain, rather than resorting to a costly response. “

 

Feb 10   How to see the next viral threat coming

Author: Greg Gray  In: The Hill

"This emerging collaborative field, often called “one health,” integrates knowledge from several different spheres, including human health, animal health, environmental health and agricultural businesses. The approach is gaining traction among academics, government officials and international policymakers as the best way to approach complex problems such as emerging zoonotic diseases. But we need to do more to integrate this approach into how we prepare for viruses like the newly emerged coronavirus."

 

Feb 8   A Smithsonian team discovered a new coronavirus. The story behind that effort shows what it takes to get ahead of potential pandemics.

Author: Theresa Vargas, In: The Washington Post

Suzan Murray, director of the Smithsonian’s Global Health Program and former chief veterinarian of the zoo, says it was once normal for people to talk about the environment and human health separately. Now, she says, there is a “holistic approach.” There is recognition that human health is tied to the health of the environment and the wildlife in it.

 

Feb 6   2019-nCoV in context: lessons learned?

Authors:  Kock RA, Karesh WB, et. al.   In: The Lancet, Planetary Health

“There is an increasing focus on the human-animal environment disease interface, as encompassed in the One Health concept…… .......have we learned lessons? Yes and no. These events are of global public health and economic importance and need collective societal response. But governments and civil society are not heeding these warnings, as the 2019-nCoV attests. Concerns have been repeatedly raised and voiced since the idea of One Health was first expressed in around 2000. What we need to learn and communicate is that the zoonotic or agricultural bridging of novel pathogens from domestic and captive wildlife needs urgent attention, along with attention to the human appetite for meat.”

 

Feb 4   Coronavirus from China: Why One Health Is The Solution

Author: Richard Seifman

.... "When we speak of “health” we usually mean “human health”. But over 70% of infectious diseases affecting “humans” are zoonotic, from animals to humans. For optimal health outcomes, we need to take into consideration human, animal, plant, and environmental health. That integrated strategy is at the heart of the “One Health” approach.".....

 

Feb 3   Coronavirus outbreak shows the risk in ignoring human activity’s impact on nature

Author:  Kate Allen   In: The Star, Ontario, Canada

“One Health might sound like a hippie maxim, something you would see on a T-shirt in Kensington Market. But it is a widely accepted principle, one adopted by the World Health Organization, the Public Health Agency of Canada, and other health authorities worldwide.

The current coronavirus outbreak is a sobering reminder that there is no firewall between animal and human health. Scientists believe the virus likely originated in bats and jumped to people at a wildlife market in Wuhan, China. More than 60 per cent of emerging infectious diseases come from animals, and more than 70 per cent of those from wildlife, research shows. “

 

January 2020

 

Jan 31   Coronavirus: Fear of a pandemic, or a pandemic of fear?

Authors:

Arne Ruckert , L’Université d’Ottawa/University of Ottawa

Hélène Carabin, Epidemiology and One Health, Université de Montréal

Ronald Labonte, Globalization and Health Equity, L’Université d’Ottawa/University of Ottawa

“International response to this coronavirus also demonstrates considerable improvement, with rapid information flow and reporting of cases by Chinese authorities. But governance challenges remain, along with a growing awareness of the importance of what’s known as a One Health approach to pandemic outbreaks.

A One Health strategy recognizes that the health of humans is intricately linked to that of animals and their environments. In practice, it draws upon experts from human, animal and environmental health sciences, along with those in the humanities and social sciences, to build a response infrastructure that emphasizes information-sharing and co-ordination of actions across multiple sectors.”

 

Jan 30  Wild animal link to coronavirus outbreak should revolutionise public health strategies

Author: Dirk U. Pfeiffer In: South China Morning Post

"A ‘one health’ approach, involving not just scientists but experts from disciplines such as economics and anthropology, could help"

 

Jan 29   One Health Approach Embraced as Challenges Emerge: Public Health Watch

Author: Brian Dunleavy   In: Contagion Live, Infectious Diseases Today

“Those who require a reminder of the importance of the One Health approach need look no further than the ongoing 2019 novel coronavirus outbreak (2019 n-CoV).  One Health, which is designed to foster and streamline communication between infectious disease professionals engaged in human as well as veterinary health, is essentially where the rubber meets road when an outbreak occurs. Although we still have a lot to learn about the origins of 2019 n-CoV, it’s safe to assume that One Health protocols and principles have played, and will likely continue to play, a key role in getting the ongoing crisis under control”

 

Jan 28   Stopping Outbreaks Through One Health: Making Tomorrow's Breakthroughs Possible

Author: Connor McCoy,  BioechNow Blog post

“Biotechnology is leading to breakthroughs for human, animal and environmental health, but is there a way we can address these outbreaks before they spread from animal to human?  Yes, and the concept is called One Health.

So, what is One Health? It is a public health approach that ensures all areas of government are coordinated and working together to foster and advance innovation that is critical in protecting against diseases and malnutrition. The ability to prevent, prepare for, and respond to outbreaks of infectious diseases such as coronavirus, Ebola, Zika, avian influenza (HPAI) and MERS depends on an improved understanding of the interconnectedness of human, animal and environmental health.”

 

Jan 27   China's Coronavirus: How Do We Stop Such Deadly Threats?

Author: Gregory C. Gray   In: US News and World Report

We know that most human emerging disease viruses first circulate in animals, yet we don’t often see them coming.

 "The continuous viral reproduction can sometimes lead to mutations or the mixing of viruses and a never-before-seen virus may emerge. Hence, new collaborative partnerships must be forged between agricultural businesses and human, animal and environmental health groups so that emerging viruses can be better be detected and mitigation strategies developed before a novel virus crosses over to infect man. Often, such an interdisciplinary collaboration is termed the "One Health Approach." Many institutions are calling for One Health interdisciplinary collaborations as the best approach to complex problems such as emerging viral threats"...

 

Jan 24  China's coronavirus outbreak proves we must pay closer attention to animal health

Author:  Carel du Marchie Sarvaas    In: The Telegraph

“Stopping disease in humans by preventing disease in animals underpins the concept of “One Health”, an approach to public health that recognises the links between animals, people and planet.”

 

Jan 15   Funding for One Health Capacities in Low- and Middle -Income Countries

Author:  Olga Jonas, Senior Fellow and Economic Adviser, Harvard Global Health Institute

“Most infectious diseases with epidemic and pandemic potentials are of animal origin; control at the source thus requires detection in animals, before the threat extends to human populations. Core veterinary and human public-health systems that use One Health approaches are the first line of defense against contagion and antimicrobial resistance (AMR). Adequate financing for core veterinary and human public-health systems is important for their performance. Despite the remarkably low costs of core public-health systems, financing has been inadequate, and spending has not even been officially monitored.”

January 15, 2020   One Health with Dr. Cheryl Stroud, DVM, PhD

              Interview by Robert Herriman in his ‘Outbreak News Today’ Podcasts Series

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