What is One Health? - One Health Commission

What is One Health?

Definition of One Health
 
One Health is the collaborative effort of multiple health science professions, together with their related disciplines and institutions – working locally, nationally, and globally – to attain optimal health for people, domestic animals, wildlife, plants, and our environment.
 
Rationale
  • Planetary Environmental health may affect human and animal health through contamination, pollution and changing climate conditions that may lead to emergence of new infectious agents.
  • Worldwide, nearly 75 percent of all emerging human infectious diseases in the past three decades originated in animals.
  • The world population is projected to grow from 7 billion in 2011 to 9 billion by 2050.
  • To provide adequate healthcare, food and water for the growing global population, the health professions, and their related disciplines and institutions, must work together.
  • Human-animal interactions / bonds can beneficially impact the health of both people and animals.

Scope of One Health
  • Convergence of human, animal, and plant health and the health of the environment
  • Human-animal bond
  • Professional education and training of the Next Generation of One Health professionals
  • Research, both basic and translational
  • Ensuring a safe food and water supply that is high quality, available and affordable
  • Agricultural production and land use / soil health
  • Natural resources and conservation
  • Disease surveillance, prevention and response, both infectious and chronic diseases
  • Comparative Medicine: commonality of diseases among people and  animals, such as cancer, obesity, and diabetes
  • Clinical medicine needs for interrelationship between the health professions
  • Environmental agent detection and response
  • Disaster preparedness and response
  • Public policy and regulation
  • Global trade, commerce and security
  • Communications and outreach
Potential Outcomes from the One Health Approach
  • More interdisciplinary programs in education, training, research, and established policy 
  • More information sharing related to disease detection, diagnosis, education and research 
  • More prevention of diseases, both infectious and chronic
  • Development of new therapies and approaches to treatments

One Health: A Ray of Hope 

(http://www.paneuropeannetworks.com/science-technology/one-health-a-ray-of-hope/)

 

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